The introduction of beer to this country from Flanders which contained hops is recorded as having been imported to Winchelsea in 1400.
Hops were first grown in Kent on an appreciable scale by Flemish immigrants in about 1524.
Isinglass was first used in the middle of the eighteenth century, prior to this beer was left in cask for a period of several weeks to clarify without the aid of finings.
Isinglass is the dried air bladder of a fish, usually sturgeon dissolved in an acid solution.
Were pioneered chiefly by two well known breweries; Watneys and Flowers Breweries Limited in the 1950’s. They have been followed by a succession of other brewers. Keg Bitter was the name first used by Flowers. It was a splendid name but unfortunately not possible to register.
Until the end of the eighteenth century beer was drawn by the publican direct from the cask. The operation in a busy house, as might be imagined, involved considerable labour on the part of the licensee or his “pot boys” who spent much of the time running up and down stairs.
At the end of the century a few public houses were being fitted with beer machines which were the forerunner of the now familiar beer pump.
It was to be over a hundred years before lead pipes were condemned by the authorities as being a danger to public health, although the health danger attributable to lead pipes was recognised at the time. In 1765 Sir G. Baker specified that the ailment known as Devonshire colic was in fact, lead poisoning
India Pale Ale was brewed to provide a way to ship beer to India from London.
Regular porters wouldn’t survive the voyage arriving flat and sour due to microbe growth. George Hodgson upped the hopp content and so the alcohol content making it suitable for shipment to India.